Periodontal disease also generally called gum disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end (if not properly treated) with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.
What’s the Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?
Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis.
In the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque build up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this stage.
When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.
Toxins or poisons — produced by the bacteria in plaque as well as the body’s “good” enzymes involved in fighting infections — start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. When this happens, teeth are no longer anchored in place, they become loose, and tooth loss occurs. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Are you suffering from,
- Bad breath that won’t go away?
- Red or swollen gums?
- Tender or bleeding gums?
- Painful chewing?
- Loose teeth?
- Sensitive teeth?
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth?
Then you must consider visit us for a checkup regarding the health of your gums. Our specialists will examine your gums for the signs of inflammation and will find the reason for the inflammation,
What are the causes for gum diseases?
Human being’s mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist can remove tartar.
There are a number of risk factors for gum disease,
but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include
- Hormonal changes in girls and women
- Medications that lessen the flow of saliva
- Certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications;
- Genetic susceptibility.
What are the treatments for gum diseases?
The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in Gum Disease Treatments.
Whatever the treatment it requires that the patient to keep up good daily care at home.
- Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Flossing regularly to remove plaque from between teeth. Or, you can use a device such as a special brush, wooden or plastic pick, or a “water flosser” recommended by our dental professionals.
- Visiting the dentist routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.
The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quit smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results. A person who is ready to take care of his/her oral hygiene should be serious about it. And they should develop a healthy habit.
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